Genesis 3 Observations

For one of my classes, I’m doing scripture “observations” that don’t have to be as detailed as this but for the sake of conversation and learning from peers, I’ve decided to post more detailed accounts of my observations. I’m posting from Word, so I know that the format is wrong. I’m sorry! 

Genesis 3

1. Seemingly unrelated events contain a single theme: the moral failure of mankind are scattered from chapters 3-11.
a. C3V1-5: Adam and Eve fell to sin through temptation by Satan in his serpent body by eating the Forbidden Fruit from Tree of Good and Evil.
b. Chapter 4 illustrates sin escalating to murder.
c. In Chapter 6, “The LORD regretted that he had made human beings on the earth, and his heart was deeply troubled,” and had Noah build the Arc to reboot the world with a flood.
d. By Chapter 11, The Tower of Babel was built and languages were divided.

2. Satan is introduced in Chapter 3 as being more:
a. shrewd, having or showing sharp powers of judgement, astute;
b. crafty, clever at achieving one’s aims by indirect or deceitful methods;
c. subtil, clever, dexterous;
d. cunning, having or showing skill in achieving one’s ends by deceit or evasion;
e. subtle, so delicate or precise as to be difficult to analyze or describe;
f. astute, having or showing an ability to accurately assess situations or people and turn this to one’s advantage;

As humans today, I know I hear things like “we just have to outsmart Satan,” or “Beat the Devil,” or “Pray when the Deceiver is attacking,” but with the differences and variations of translations describing his very first introduction in the Bible, we might be underestimating his abilities even though Jesus through God has given us the power to overcome the obstacles he puts in front of us. Adam was standing next to Eve and didn’t stop her from eating the forbidden fruit, was the serpent convincing enough that he, too, thought that the logic was reasonable? 

Adam and Eve didn’t just jump at the forbidden fruit. They had a conversation with the serpent, they told him that God had said they could eat of any tree from the garden except that one in verse two.

They even verbalize the consequence in verse 3, saying “but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.”

Yet, when she sees, she takes (touches,) she still ate the fruit and shared it with Adam who then repeated the steps and fell into sin, followed immediately by guilt because the deceiver was successful in convincing her that he could be trusted more than God.

The “see, want, do” recurs throughout both cannons of the bible.

3. Not unlike most of us today, when Adam and Eve sinned, they first hid from God and then downplayed and blamed their sin on others. He reacted patiently even though there were consequences.

a. Adam and Eve Sinned:
i. Having sinned in verse 6, their eyes were then opened to their nakedness, signifying v.   both shame and guilt. They lost their sense of being comfortable with themselves in the presence of God, hiding from him in verse 10.

b. After sinning, they hid from God: V. 11 : And he said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”

i. I know that this verse is not the only verse that offers the question, or answer, but it starts the question for me whether or not God, for lack of better wording, knows or pays attention, to our individual actions or sins until we confess them. Parents often ask their children answers they know the answer to in order to give them an “easy” way to tell the truth, and I’ve been given that as one way to interrupt this verse and the few others that resemble it. It’s curious to me that God gives him the chance to tell him even though it must be obvious that Adam and Eve have had paradigm shifts regarding their shame and guilt regardless. He reacts patiently even though he is angry with them for their disobedience.

c. They blamed their sins on others and he sorted through the them patiently:
i. V. 12: The man said, “The woman you put here with me–she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”
ii. V13: Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
iii. Matthew Henry Commentary: But instead of acknowledging the sin in its full extent, and taking shame to themselves, Adam and Eve excuse the sin, and lay the shame and blame on others.
1. Henry, M. (2004-2015). Matthew Henry’s Genesis 3 Commentar. Retrieved from

d. He gave the punishments to the proper instigators knowing the story:
i. The Serpent: V14-15: So the LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all livestock and all wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”
ii. Eve: V16: To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”
iii. Adam: V17-19: To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life. It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”
iv. Adam and Eve: v21: The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.

4. Though there is forgiveness, some sins you cannot come back from entirely. God didn’t allow Adam and Eve to continue living in the Garden, nor did he let them return.
a. V 22- 23 And the LORD God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.” So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.


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